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FlopZoom Tutorials: Intermediate

Continuation betting is one measure of a player's aggression from flop through river. Dan Harrington, in his excellent "Harrington on Hold'em" book series, states that a continuation bet (on the flop) must meet three criteria:

1. The player making the bet was the betting leader before the flop.
2. After the flop, no other bets have yet been made.
3. The player making the bet missed the flop.

Our interpretation of c-betting includes open bets on the turn and river made by a player who led preflop and led the betting on all streets prior to the current street. In addition we don't require a continuation bet on flop, turn, or river to be a bluff. The other players in the hand don't know if someone is betting out with air or with the stone nuts. It looks the same to you if you're being bet at, and it looks the same to your villains if you're the one betting out.

So, here's what we consider to be continuation bets on the various streets:
FlopPlayer was the last raiser preflop
TurnPlayer met the criteria for flop c-bet and also open bet the turn
RiverPlayer met the criteria for turn c-bet and also open bet the river


How often did they c-bet?
You can instantly compare up to four players' c-bet frequencies and see who was the most aggressive on the flop and after. Here is an example with three players' c-bet frequency, after clicking on opponent_B's flop bar:


In this example, none of the players are maniacs, but one of them (in green) c-bet only half as much on the flop and never c-bet the turn or river. The other two, in blue and red, are fairly evenly matched.

Three c-bet bars but no average bar
Since c-bets apply to only flop, turn and river, there are just three bars for the c-bet statistic. And it probably would not be very useful to show an "average" c-bet frequency for all three streets, so we don't draw one. (Later, when c-bets are changed to show percentage of streets reached where the player c-bet, adding an average bar might make more sense.)

Interpreting the numbers
Comparing the c-bet frequencies of different players in a session, day, or longer interval is an indicator of their overall aggression. As implied by the word "continuation", continuation betting on the flop and later streets is a follow-up to a player's preflop raising. But since preflop raising is such a vital statistic, the preflop raise percentage, or PRP, is broken out into a separate preflop category.

If you see a player c-betting flop through river far more than the others in your session, it's likely he's bluffing. (Unless he happens to be getting hit by the deck.) You might try raising his c-bets once in a while to see how determined he is to bluff.

On the other hand, if you see a player c-betting very infrequently, especially on the flop, he's probably a timid player who gives up on the flop when he misses. You can probably take pots away from players like this on the flop unless you get resistance (which probably indicates a strong hand.)

In addition, comparing a player's flop, turn, and river c-bet frequencies can give you insight into several aspects of his play. First, if he c-bets the flop more often than the other players but then c-bets the turn or river far less frequently, it could indicate that he's incapable of sustaining a bluff past the flop. Looking at his UBP can also give you an insight into how often and on which streets he's winning pots without showing his cards.

Second, if he c-bets all streets and shows his hand down, you can see how he bets his made hands (or bluffs if he was betting thin or with air.) You can quickly do this by clicking on, for example, the river c-bet bar for a player. This will load all hands on which the player c-bet the river into the playback pane's hand search list. You can quickly review each hand in the list to see whether that player's hole cards are known and therefore shown in his seat in the playback window.  

Position and opponent count
Just as with all the other statistics, you can filter your results for any number of opponents, or full table, short handed, or heads-up. And you can also show c-betting from any position or filter for a specific position or a position range.


It turns out that opponent_B made both his flop c-bets in early position. This is fairly common, since c-betting requires that the the c-bettor bets out. It is more likely that an early position player can c-bet than a later position player, since there are fewer if any players to act before them. And depending on many factors (your table image, the aggressiveness or passivity of players behind you, the later players' stack sizes, etc.) betting out from early position can be very effective.  

Instant playback
Click on any c-bet bar and the hands on which the player c-bet that street will be loaded into the playback pane's hand list. This is a standard feature across all statistics except AF.

C-bet frequency is an important statistics you can use to analyze your play as well as your villains' play. Together with the other statistics, c-bet frequency can give you a good idea of how aggressive a player is from preflop through river.

Intermediate Tutorials:
VPP | PRP | AF | C-Bets | 2/3/4+Bets | SDP | SWP | UBP | AIP | Intervals